Calprotectin is a calcium-containing protein that makes up 5% of the total protein and 60% of the cytosolic protein of neutrophil. It has bacteriostatic and fungistatic properties and is found in feces at levels six times higher than that in plasma. That fecal biomarker is useful to assess the activity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD includes Crohn's Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and are associated with elevated neutrophils.
This fecal calprotectin assay is useful in differentiating organic (IBD) from functional gastrointestinal disease (IBS: Intestinal Bowel Syndrome). It is a simple, non-invasive biomarker that is especially useful in children, who may require general anesthesia for colonoscopy.
And this fecal calprotectin detection can predict relapse.